In this article, we look at the next step in the White Industries’ production process; melting and pouring. At the time of writing, White Industries produces 106 different alloys, consisting of various grades including:
|Low Alloy||Ductile||Super Austenitic||Bronzes|
|High Alloy||Ni- Resist||Martensitic||Brasses|
Given the wide range of materials produced, White Industries employs strict controls to ensure scrap is identified and cross-contamination doesn’t occur. When a melt is programmed for production, a charge is calculated using known steel scrap, runners and risers from previous melts, and ferroalloys. All additions are weighed to ensure the melt analysis is in specification.
Melting is conducted in one of the five electric induction furnaces, with the scrap steel and returns added by electromagnet. The furnaces capacities are 1 x 150kg, 1 x 750kg, 2 x 2000kg and 1 x 3000kg. Once melting is complete, a sample is taken and analysed on one of the atomic emission spectrometers. A chemical analysis is compared against the specification and adjusted if necessary with ferroalloys.